AFV fosters projects in the Indigenous territories
of the Rio Xingu region in Brazil
The Xingu Indigenous reservation, the first in Brazil, was created in 1960 by the famous Brazilian indigenists Orlando, Cláudio and Leonardo Villas Bôas. In 1989, another 39,870 square miles (103,240km²) bordering the Xingu National Park were officially declared indigenous territories after AFV, alongside Chief Raoni, spearheaded the first worldwide campaign to draw attention to the dangers of deforestation in the Amazon and the risk of extinction faced by its indigenous populations.
With the support of the Brazilian government and alongside 12 sister organizations, AFV raised funds to demarcarte the boundaries of this new indigenous territory the size of Greece, one of the largest rainforest reserves on the planet with a surface of 50,193 square miles (130,000km²).
The Kayapo territory encompasses approximately 39,870 square miles (103,240 km²), a territory bigger than South Korea. It includes many villages, most of which are located near the banks of the Xingu river. Its population is estimated to be around 7,300 people. Their social organization, ritual life and cosmology are rich and complex.
Xingu Indigenous Territory
6,000 people from sixteen tribes live in 80 villages in the Xingu Indigenous Territory (TIX), which covers an area of 10,200 square miles (26,420km²), as big as Massachusetts. These ethnic groups, while having distinct languages, have similar social, cultural and economic organizations shaped by years of interactions and exchanges. These are the Aweti, Kalapalo, Kamaiura, Kuikuro, Matipu, Mehinako, Nafukua, Naruvotu, Waura and Yawalapiti, Kawaiwete, Ikpen, Yudjja, Trumai, Tapayuna and Kisedje.
The Xingu reservation and its people are threatened by illegal fishing, hunting, logging, fires and agro-chemicals used in neighboring farms.
Offering short professional formations on selected subjects to respond to increasing demand from the young generation for professional training and increasing needs for specific skills in villages.
Alongside our partners, you can make a difference by participating to our programs.
Afukaka (Kuikuro), Raoni (Kayapos) and Aritana (Yawalapiti)