AFV fosters projects in the Indigenous territories
of the Rio Xingu region in Brazil
The Xingu National Park is home to 18 tribes, who share a protected territory of 60,000 km² (23,166 square miles), twice the size of Belgium. This Indigenous reservation, the first in Brazil, was created in 1960 by the famous Brazilian indigenists Orlando, Cláudio and Leonardo Villas Bôas. In 1989, another 120,000 km² (46,332 square miles) bordering the Xingu National Park were officially declared indigenous territories after AFV, alongside Chief Raoni, spearheaded the first worldwide campaign to draw attention to the dangers of deforestation in the Amazon and the risk of extinction faced by its indigenous populations.
With the support of the Brazilian government and alongside 12 sister organizations, AFV raised funds to demarcarte the boundaries of this new indigenous territory, thus creating one of the largest rainforest reserves on the planet with a surface of 180,000km² (69,498 square miles). It is bigger than the state of Florida.
The Kayapo territory includes many villages, most of which are located near the banks of the Xingu river. Its population is estimated to be several thousands. The social organization, ritual life and cosmology are rich and complex.
The Xingu National Park
Sixteen tribes inhabit some 80 villages in the Xingu National Park (TIX), for a total of approximately 7,000 people. These ethnic groups, while having distinct languages, have similar social, cultural and economic organizations, shaped by years of interactions and exchanges. These are the Aweti, Kalapalo, Kamaiura, Kuikuro, Matipu, Mehinako, Nafukua, Naruvotu, Waura and Yawalapiti, Kawaiwete, Ikpen, Yudjja, Trumai, Tapayuna and Kisedje.
The Xingu reservation and its people are threatened by illegal fishing, hunting, logging, fires and agro-chemicals used in neighboring farms.
Complementing governmental services by providing a space and resources for traditional medicine and helping to build national as well as international partnerships.
AGROECOLOGY AND REFORESTATION
Diversifying vegetable production and re-forest areas of degraded lands with valuable trees, using and teaching sustainable agriculture practices.
Offering short professional formations on selected subjects to respond to increasing demand from the young generation for professional training and increasing needs for specific skills in villages.
CULTURE AND ELDERS KNOWLEDGE TRANSMISSION
Focusing on art production, recording, gathering and centralizing the Elders' knowledge via a media center, with some activities being dedicated to traditional medicine.
The foundation of AFV's work is based on the concept of Free, Prior and Informed Consent. These principles state that it is up to the indigenous communities to determine the outcome of a decision or project that affects them. It is not only their right to be consulted, but a guarantee that their economic, social and cultural rights will be protected. This is the basis of AFV's intervention in the field.
Alongside our partners, you can make a difference by participating to our programs.
Afukaka (Kuikuro), Raoni (Kayapos) and Aritana (Yawalapiti)